Effects of positive airway pressure on pulmonary function parameters

Authors

  • Sandra Ribeiro Pires Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte – MG, Brazil
  • Paulo Augusto Moreira Camargos Federal University of São João Del Rei – Brazil
  • Liliane Patrícia Mendes Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte – MG, Brazil
  • Nara Sulmonett Doctor at Hospital das Clínicas of the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte – MG, Brazil
  • Raquel Rodrigues Britto Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte – MG, Brazil
  • Verônica Franco Parreira Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte – MG, Brazil

Keywords:

Cystic fibrosis, Pulmonary function.

Abstract

Background: Few studies have assessed the immediate effects of positive airway pressure, such as the Expiratory Positive Airway Pressure (EPAP) and Flutter devices, on pulmonary function.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the immediate changes in pulmonary function after using the EPAP and Flutter devices in patients with cystic fibrosis. 

Methods: Fourteen patients aged 18±3 years with varied mixed severity of pulmonary disease were enrolled. EPAP (15cmH2O) and Flutter were used for 15 minutes, randomly, within a week interval. The helium dilution test was used to measure the functional residual capacity, total lung capacity and residual volume. Statistical analysis was performed using two-way ANOVA, and p<0.05 was considered significant.

Results: There were no significant changes in pulmonary tests with either EPAP or Flutter (p>0.05 for all comparisons).

Conclusions: Therefore, in the assessed patients, the use of Flutter and EPAP did not promote significant short-term changes in pulmonary function.

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Published

03-04-2014

How to Cite

PIRES, S. R.; CAMARGOS, P. A. M.; MENDES, L. P.; SULMONETT, N.; BRITTO, R. R.; PARREIRA, V. F. Effects of positive airway pressure on pulmonary function parameters. Journal of Respiratory and CardioVascular Physical Therapy, [S. l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 11–19, 2014. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufrn.br/revistadefisioterapia/article/view/5065. Acesso em: 18 jun. 2024.

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