Therapeutic use of coconut water
Keywords:Coconut water, Electrolytes, Antioxidants, Hypertension, Dehydration
AbstractThis paper is a review about therapeutic use of coconut water. We began with its chemical composition, pointing that it is reach in antioxidants, potassium, calcium, carbohydrates, and poor in sodium. The antioxidant activity from coconut water is of interest as a potential natural food antioxidant additive, a nutraceutical. When coconut water is used in hypertensive people, this brought about a large decrease in blood pressure, including increased frequency in urination suggest a possible diuretic action. Additionally, in all cases of persons consuming coconut water on a regular basis an increase in the plasma level of potassium is observed. This would be a contributing factor in the decreases in blood pressure, suggesting a potassium sparing natriuretic. Some time trial tests as the measure of exercise performance have determined the efficacy of coconut water and other beverages on enhancing hydration and performance following dehydrating exercise. In conclusion, coconut water can be used in cases of hypertension, rehydration in sports, together with early refeeding, as a home glucose electrolyte oral rehydration solution in the early stages of mild diarrhoeal disease, despite not having a balanced electrolyte composition. However, it should not be used in patients with severe diarrhoea, or in patients who are severely dehydrated and/or in whom renal function is impaired. Further studies should be conducted to better understand the effects of coconut water as a therapeutic agent.
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