Anastomosis dehiscence of gastrointestinal tract and digestive fistulas


  • Irami Araújo-Filho Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
  • Andreza de Farias Calado
  • Cristina Toledo Almeida
  • Tiago Bezerra de Freitas Diniz
  • Luciana Alves Tomaz do Nascimento
  • Amália Cinthia Meneses Rêgo
  • Aldo Cunha Medeiros



Digestive fistulas, Review, Definition, Pathophysiology, Therapy


The loss of integrity of an anastomosis, is still a common complication that results in high mortality rates. Several techniques have been developed in intestinal anastomosis, either with handmade sutures as mechanicals, but still with a high prevalence of dehiscence and fistula. Gastrointestinal fistulas are defined by anomalous ducts which communicate with the gut other structure of the body, which may be a hollow intra-abdominal viscera, abdominal cavity, skin, or any other underlying organ. Fistulas usually derive from surgical complications, but may also be a result of some pathological inflammatory process. Sometimes fistulas can have high severity which results in prolonged hospitalization, as well as organic and emotional disorders for the patient. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on the gastrointestinal fistula subject, focusing on etiology, pathophysiology, classification, diagnosis, current therapy and prognosis.


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Author Biography

Irami Araújo-Filho, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

Department of Surgery

Nucleous of Exprimental Surgery



How to Cite

ARAÚJO-FILHO, I.; CALADO, A. de F.; ALMEIDA, C. T.; DINIZ, T. B. de F.; NASCIMENTO, L. A. T. do; RÊGO, A. C. M.; MEDEIROS, A. C. Anastomosis dehiscence of gastrointestinal tract and digestive fistulas. JOURNAL OF SURGICAL AND CLINICAL RESEARCH, [S. l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 40–46, 2014. DOI: 10.20398/jscr.v5i1.5672. Disponível em: Acesso em: 24 apr. 2024.