THE TIKUNA ETHNICITY FROM UMARIAÇU INDIGENOUS TERRITORY, ALTO SOLIMÕES, BRAZILIAN AMAZON: TERRITORIALITY AND SOCIAL-ENVIRONMENTAL DYNAMICS

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Resumo

The Tikuna population is settled in a wide range of land throughout the Solimões river channel in the Alto Solimões region. The Tikuna territories are marked by the organization of Tikuna individuals in association with indigenous groups. During the process of territorial conquest, in the 80’s and 90’s, the indigenous territories were divided into different communities. This fragmentation led to the formation of territories of different sizes and environmental conditions, either close or far away from the cities of the Alto Solimões region. Social-environmental configurations have reduced the indigenous territories; transformations are related to the Solimões river’s natural modifications and to anthropic modifications such as the Tabatinga International Airport. This study aims to demonstrate the Tikuna territories in Umariaçu and the socio-environmental dynamics that have been reducing their spaces and natural resources. The study emphasizes the environmental and social disturbances in an indigenous territory close to Tabatinga municipality.

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Biografia do Autor

Ivanklin Soares Campos Filho, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande

Postdoctoral fellow in the Natural Resources Postgraduate Program, Federal University of Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil. The author teaches disciplines about Environmental History and Biogeography, and the use of mapping systems to analysis the environment. Also, has experience with the topics biogeography, systematics and conservation.

Taciana Carvalho Coutinho, 2Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Instituto de Natureza e Cultura de Benjamin Constant

Professor in the Federal University of Amazonia, Natural and Cultural Institute Benjamin Constant since 2009, teaching in many disciplines in the Sciences graduation course. Ph.D. in Natural Resources Postgraduate Program, Federal University of Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil, with thesis discussing the Environmental History of the Tikuna people facing the urbanization process of the Amazonia State and State government policies.

José Otávio Aguiar

Ph.D. in History and Cultural Politics on Federal University of Minas Gerais, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and Postdoctoral in History on Federal University of Pernambuco. Currently, Professor of the History Department of the Federal University of Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil, and Permanent Professor of the Natural Resources Postgraduate Program. The author has large experience with Environmental History, History of Biology, Etnobiology and Native History, History of Brazilian Empire and Colony, History of the Indigenous Cultures receptions in the contemporaneity, and other fields, with many papers published. In addition, the author supervised scientific researches of several students since graduation to postdoctoral levels.

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Publicado

12-12-2023

Como Citar

SOARES CAMPOS FILHO, I.; CARVALHO COUTINHO, T.; AGUIAR, J. O. THE TIKUNA ETHNICITY FROM UMARIAÇU INDIGENOUS TERRITORY, ALTO SOLIMÕES, BRAZILIAN AMAZON: TERRITORIALITY AND SOCIAL-ENVIRONMENTAL DYNAMICS. Mneme - Revista de Humanidades, [S. l.], v. 24, n. 47, 2023. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufrn.br/mneme/article/view/21810. Acesso em: 15 abr. 2024.

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