Frege on the Ontological Presuppositions of Scientific Discourse

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21680/1983-2109.2022v29n59ID29584

Palavras-chave:

Ontological commitment, Frege, Scientific Discourse

Resumo

According to the standard conception of ontological commitment, which goes back to Quine, we are ontologically committed to acknowledge those and only those entities whose existence is a condition for the truth of our theories. Frege has sketched, in the context of his critique of the idealist interpretation of scientific language, a more complete approach according to which we are committed to accept also those entities whose existence is a condition for successful communication in science. He argued that we must acknowledge a Platonic realm of objective senses because the existence of such entities is a condition for communicating non-trivial scientific discoveries. The aim of this paper is to reconstruct and defend Frege’s approach. The main thesis defended is that, although Frege’s analysis of ontological commitment is largely obsolete, his general approach to derive our ontological commitments from both the truth and the success conditions of scientific discourse is correct.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

Davidson, D. (1990). “Meaning, Truth and Evidence”, in: Perspectives on Quine, ed. by R. B. Barrett, R. F. Gibson, Oxford, Blackwell, 1990, pp. 68-79.

Frege, G. (1879). Begriffsschrift, eine der arithmetischen nachgebildete Formelsprache des reinen Denkens, reprinted in his Begriffsschrift und andere Aufsätze, Hildesheim: Olms, second edition, 1988, pp. V–88. Originally published by Louis Nebert in Halle.

Frege, G. (1892). ‘Über Sinn und Bedeutung’. Zeitschrift für Philosophie und philosophische Kritik, 100, reprinted in: Frege 1990, pp. 143–62.

Frege, G. (1893). Grundgesetze der Arithmetik. Begriffsschriftlich abgeleitet, Vol. 1. Jena: Hermann Pohle. Reprint: Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, ²1962.

Frege, G. (1897). ‘Logik’. Posthumous writing, in: Frege 1983, pp. 137–63.

Frege, G. (1903). Grundgesetze der Arithmetik. Begriffsschriftlich abgeleitet, Vol. 2. Jena: Hermann Pohle. Reprint: Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, ²1962.

Frege, G. (1918a). ‘Der Gedanke. Eine logische Untersuchung’. Beiträge zur Philosophie des deutschen Idealismus, 1, reprinted in: Frege 1990, pp. 342–62.

Frege, G. (1918b). ‘Die Verneinung’. Beiträge zur Philosophie des deutschen Idealismus, 1, reprinted in: Frege 1990, pp. 362–79.

Frege, G. (1964). Basic Laws of Arithmetic, ed. by M. Furth, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Engl. trans. of Frege 1893.

Frege, G. (1979). Posthumous Writings. Ed. by H. Hermes, F. Kambartel and F. Kaulbach, and tr. by P. Long and R. White, Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Engl. trans. of the first edition of Frege, Nachgelassene Schriften und Wissenschaftlicher Briefwechsel, Band 1, ed. by H. Hermes, F. Kambartel and F. Kaulbach, Hamburg: Meiner, 1969.

Frege, G. (1983). Nachgelassene Schriften und Wissenschaftlicher Briefwechsel, Vol. 1, ed. by H. Hermes, F. Kambartel and F. Kaulbach, Hamburg: Meiner, second and extended edition (first published in 1969).

Frege, G. (1990). Kleine Schriften. Ed. by I. Angelelli, second edition, Hildesheim: Olms.

Frege, G. (1997). The Frege Reader, ed. and introduced by Michael Beaney, Oxford: Blackwell.

Quine, W. V. (1948). “On What There Is”, in: Quine 1963, pp. 1-19.

Quine, W. V. (1953). “Logic and the Reification of Universals”, in: Quine 1963, pp. 102-129.

Quine, W.V. (1963). From a Logical Point of View, New York: Harper and Row. First published by Harvard University Press in 1953, with a second, revised edition on 1961.

Quine, W.V. (1960). Word and Object, Cambridge, Mass., The M.I.T. Press.

Quine, W. V. (1968a). “Ontological Relativity”, in: Quine 1969, pp. 26-68.

Quine, W. V. (1968b). “Epistemology Naturalized”, in: Quine 1969, pp. 69-90.

Quine, W.V. (1969). Ontological Relativity and Other Essays, New York, Columbia University Press.

Quine, W.V. (1976). The Ways of Paradox and Other Essays, revised and enlarged edition, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Quine, W. V. (1986). “Reply to Roger F. Gibson, Jr.”, in: The Philosophy of W.V. Quine, ed. by L.E. Hahn and P.A. Schilpp, La Salle, Ill.: Open Court, 1986, pp. 155-157.

Quine, W.V. (1987). “Indeterminacy of Translation again”, Journal of Philosophy 84, pp. 5-10.

Quine, W. V. (1990). “Comment on Follesdal”, in: Perspectives on Quine, ed. by R. B. Barrett and R.F. Gibson, Cambridge/M.: Basil Blackwell, 1990, p. 110.

Russell, B. (1905). “On Denoting”, Mind 14, pp. 479–493.

Weiner, J. (1995). “Realism bei Frege: Reply to Burge”, Synthese 102, pp. 363-382.

Downloads

Publicado

04-08-2022

Como Citar

GREIMANN, D. Frege on the Ontological Presuppositions of Scientific Discourse. Princípios: Revista de Filosofia (UFRN), [S. l.], v. 29, n. 59, p. 92–110, 2022. DOI: 10.21680/1983-2109.2022v29n59ID29584. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufrn.br/principios/article/view/29584. Acesso em: 26 set. 2022.

Edição

Seção

Dossiê 130 anos do artigo de Frege ‘Über Sinn und Bedeutung’