• Marco Antonio Azevedo Unisinos


Since before we can remember, humanity aims to
overcome its biological limitations; such a goal has certainly played
a key role in the advent of technique. However, despite the benefits
that technique may bring, the people who make use of it will
inevitably be under risk of harm. Even though human technical
wisdom consists in attaining the best result without compromising
anybody’s safety, misuses are always a possibility in the horizon.
Nowadays, technology can be used for more than just improving
human capacities, preserving and restoring health or promoting human well-being. It also enables us to overcome human limitations and reach way beyond our "natural design". That being said, what could possibly justify the fear for these new directions of biotechnology? Should medicine and health care change their traditional goals and begin searching for artificial improvements to wellness in human nature? In this paper, I will hereby present and briefly discuss the main topics of the contemporary issue of human enhancement: the therapy-enhancement distinction, the possibility of cognitive enhancements and better physical performances, the fight against senescence, the arguments for and against human eugenics, the search for perfection, the quest of moral enhancement, the problem of public priorities, and some questions on medical ethics. Then, finally, I will want to present some realist perspectives on the subject.


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Como Citar
AZEVEDO, M. A. APRIMORAMENTO HUMANO: UM NOVO TEMA DA AGENDA FILOSÓFICA. Princípios: Revista de Filosofia (UFRN), v. 20, n. 33, p. 265-302, 14 jul. 2015.