Who owns the beach? Conflicts over public spaces in a tourism economy

Quem é o dono da praia? Conflitos sobre espaços públicos na economia do turismo

Resumo

ABSTRACT

As the town of Canoas has transitioned from a fishing village to a growing tourist town, the beaches have become the center of economic and cultural activities. The occupation of beaches by small scale vendors has created conflict among different groups including hotel developers, surfers, migrants, and local politicians. These groups have different aesthetics and ideas of public space, creating conflicting over what beaches should look like and how they should be used. This research analyzes the day to day practices through which different groups claim beach spaces and the ways these claims are challenged. These conflicts illustrate the struggles over environmental governance between municipal, state, and federal governments. This research contextualizes the occupation of public space in a longer legal history of land occupation and environmental protection in Brazil, examining the constant negotiations between traditional and legal systems of land rights.

Keywords: Beach. Public Spaces. Tourism. Brazil.

 

RESUMO

Desde que a cidade de Canoas passou de uma vila de pescadores para uma cidade turística crescente, as praias se tornarem o centro de atividades culturais e econômicas. Esta ocupação de praias por vendedoras criou conflitos entre diferentes grupos incluindo empresários hoteleiros, surfistas, migrantes e políticos locais. Estes grupos têm diferentes estética e ideias de espaço público, criando conflito de como as praias devem aparecer e como elas deverem ser usadas. Esta pesquisa analisa as práticas cotidianas através das quais diferentes grupos ocupam espaços de praia e como estas ocupações são contestadas. Esses conflitos ilustram a briga sobre governança ambiental entre o poder público municipal, estadual e federal. Esta pesquisa contextualiza a ocupação do espaço público em uma longa história jurídica de ocupação do terra e proteção ambiental no Brasil, examinando as constantes negociações entre os sistemas tradicionais e jurídicos de direitos à terra.

Palavras-Chave: Praia. Espaço Público. Turismo. Brasil.

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Biografia do Autor

Christian Tobler Palmer, Windward Community College – Kaneohe, Hawai/United States of America

Social Sciences Department, Anthropology

Referências

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Publicado
02-12-2019
Como Citar
PALMER, C. T. Who owns the beach? Conflicts over public spaces in a tourism economy. Revista de Turismo Contemporâneo, v. 7, n. 2, p. 181-201, 2 dez. 2019.
Seção
Artigos