The relationship between bilingualism and working memory: a review

Autores

  • Juliane Regina Trevisol Universidade do Estado da Bahia (UNEB)/ Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)
  • Lêda Maria Braga Tomitch Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21680/1517-7874.2017v19n1ID11263

Palavras-chave:

Memória de trabalho, Bilinguismo, Cognição

Resumo

ABSTRACT: This paper presents a review of the literature aimed at exploring the main findings regarding studies on the issue of bilingualism and working memory.  It is organized with an initial discussion on the construct of working memory and its development through time, followed by the topic of bilingualism, with general evidence of its advantages and disadvantages to the cognitive system, and finally the examination of current pieces of research addressing working memory in bilingual children and adults.  The objective is to illustrate what contributions research has shown so far and what future directions might be.

Keywords: bilingualism; working memory; cognition.

 

RESUMO: Este artigo apresenta uma revisão de literatura com o intuito de explorar as descobertas mais relevantes acerca de estudos sobre bilinguismo e memória de trabalho.  Inicialmente, discute-se o construto memória de trabalho e como o mesmo tem evoluído enquanto objeto de pesquisa.  Na sequência, apresenta-se a questão do bilinguismo, trazendo-se evidências gerais de estudos acerca de suas vantagens e desvantagens em termos cognitivos. Por fim, as pesquisas mais recentes acerca da relação entre memória de trabalho e bilinguismo em grupos de crianças e adultos são apresentadas.  O objetivo principal é fazer um apanhado geral sobre quais contribuições estas pesquisas tem apresentado até o momento e quais as direções futuras que novas pesquisas podem vir a tomar a partir disso. 

Palavras-chave: bilinguismo; memória de trabalho; cognição.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Juliane Regina Trevisol, Universidade do Estado da Bahia (UNEB)/ Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)

Mestre em Letras-Inglês e doutoranda em Inglês: Estudos Linguísticos e Literários na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC). Professora assistente do Departamento de Ciências Humanas (DCH-IV) da Universidade do Estado da Bahia (UNEB). Interessa-se por estudos na área de ensino e aprendizagem de segunda língua e formação de professores. 


Lêda Maria Braga Tomitch, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Doutora em Letras-Inglês, com pós-doutorado na área de neurociências pela Universidade de Carnegie Mellon, nos Estados Unidos. Professora titular do Departamento de Língua e Literatura Estrangeiras da UFSC. Interessa-se por estudos na área da compreensão escrita, envolvendo os aspectos cognitivos e instrucionais da leitura. 

Referências

ABUTALEBI, J. Neural aspects of second language representation and language control. Acta Psychologica, v. 128, pp. 466-478, 2008.

ALPKETIN, C.; ERÇETIN, G. Assessing the relationship of working memory to L2 reading: Does the nature of the comprehension process and reading span task make a difference? System, v. 37, pp. 627-639, 2009.

ARDILA, A. Language representation and working memory in bilinguals. Journal of Communication Disorders, v. 36, pp. 233-240, 2003.

ASHCRAFT, M.H. Human memory and cognition. New York: Harper Collins, 1994.

BADDELEY, A.D. The episodic buffer: A new component of working memory? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, v. 4, pp. 417–423, 2000.

BADDELEY, A.D. Working memory and language: an overview. Journal of Communication Disorders, v. 36, pp. 189-208, 2003.

BADDELEY, A.D. Working memory. Current Biology, v. 20, pp. 136-140, 2010.

BADDELEY, A.D. Working Memory: Theories, Models, and Controversies. Annual Review of Psychology, v. 63, pp. 1-29, 2012.

BADDELEY, A.D.; HITCH, G. J. Working memory. In Bower, G. H. (ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation: Advances in research and theory. NewYork: Academic Press, 1974.

BADDELEY, A.D.; LOGIE, R. H. Working memory: The multiple-component model. In Miyake, P.S.A. (ed.), Models of working memory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

BIALYSTOK, E. Bilingualism in development: language, literacy, and cognition. New York: NY: Cam-bridge University Press, 2001.

BIALYSTOK, E. Cognitive effects of bilingualism: how linguistic experience leads to cognitive change. The International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, v. 10, n.3, pp. 210?223, 2007.

BIALYSTOK, E. Bilingualism: The good, the bad, and the indifferent. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, v. 12, n.1, pp. 3–11, 2009.

BIALYSTOK, E.; CRAIK, F.I.M.; KLEIN, R.; VISWANATHAN, M. Bilingualism, aging, and cognitive control: evidence from the Simon task. Psychology and Aging, v. 19, n. 2, pp. 290-303, 2004.

BIALYSTOK, E.; CRAIK, F.I.M.; GRADY, C.; CHAU, W.; ISHII, R.; GUNJI, A.; PANTEV, C. Effect of bilingualism on cognitive control in the Simon task: evidence from MEG. NeuroImage, v. 24, pp. 40 – 49, 2005.

BIALYSTOK, E.; CRAIK, F. I. M.; LUK, G. Cognitive control and lexical access in younger and older bilinguals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v. 34, n. 4, pp. 859–873, 2008.

BIALYSTOK, E.; CRAIK, F. I. M; LUK, G. Bilingualism: consequences for mind and brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, v. 16, n. 4, pp. 240-250, 2014.

BIALYSTOK, E.; POARCH, G.; LUO, L.; CRAIK, F.I.M. Effects of bilingualism and aging on executive function and working memory. Psychology and Aging, v. 29, n. 3, pp. 696-705, 2014.

BLOM, E.; KUNTAY, A.C.; MESSER, M.; VERHAGEN, J.; LESEMAN, P. The benefits of being bilingual: working memory in bilingual Turkish-Dutch children. Journal of Experimental Child Pshychology, v. 128, pp.105-119, 2014.

BRUIN, A.; TRECCANI, B.; SALA, S.D. Cognitive advantage in bilingualism: an example of publication bias? Psychological Science, v. 26, n. 1, pp. 99-107, 2015.

CAFFARRA, S., MOLINARO, N.; DAVIDSON, D.; CARREIRAS, M. Second language syntactic processing revealed through event-related potentials: an empirical review. Neuroscience and Behavioral Reviews, v. 51, pp. 31-47, 2015.

COLZATO, L. S.; BAJO, M. T., VAN DEN WILDENBERG, W.; PAOLIERI, D.; NIEU-WENHUIS, S.; LA HEIJ, W.; et al. How does bilingualism improve executive control? A compari-son of active and reactive inhibition mechanisms. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, v. 34, n. 2, pp. 302?312, 2008.

COSTA, A.; SEBASTIÁN-GALLÉS, N. How does the bilingual experience sculpt the brain? Perspectives, v. 15, pp. 336-345, 2014.

COWAN, N. An embedded-processes model of working memory. In: Miyake, A.; Shah, P. (eds.). Models of Working Memory: Mechanisms of active maintenance and executive control. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, pp. 62-101, 1999.

DANEMAN, M. ; CARPENTER, P. A. Individual differences in working memory capacity and reading. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, v. 19, n. 4, pp. 450?466, 1980.

DANEMAN , M.; GREEN , I. Individual differences in comprehending and producing words in context. Journal of Memory and Language, v. 25, pp.1-18, 1986.

ENGEL DE ABREU, M.J.P. Working memory in multilingual children: Is there a bilingual effect? Memory, v. 19, n. 5, pp. 529-537, 2011.

ENGLE, R.W. Working memory capacity as executive attention. Current Directions in Psychological Science, v. 11, n. 1, pp. 19-23, 2002.

ENGLE, R.W.; KANE, M.J.; TUHOLSKI, S.W. Individual differences in working memory capacity and what they tell us about controlled attention, general fluid intelligence, and functions of the prefrontal cortex. In: Miyake, A.; Shah, P. (eds.) Models of Working Memory: Mechanisms of active maintenance and executive control. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, pp. 102-134, 1999.

FONTES, A.; SCHWARTZ, A. Working memory influences on cross-language activation during bilingual lexical disambiguation. Bilingualism, v. 14, pp. 360–370, 2011.

FORTKAMP, M.B.M.; BERGSLEITHNER, J.M. Relationship between individual differences in working memory capacity, noticing, and L2 speech production. Signo, v. 32, n. 52, pp.40-53, 2007.

FOSTER, J.L.; SHIPSTEAD, Z.; HARRISON, T.L.; HICKS, K.L.; REDICK, T.S.; ENGLE, R.W. Shortened complex span tasks can reliably measure WMC. Memory and Cognition, v. 43, pp. 226-236, 2015.

JUST, M.A.; CARPENTER, P. A capacity theory of comprehension: individual differences in working memory. Psychological Review, v. 99. n. 1, pp.122-149, 1992.

KEIJZER, M. Working memory capacity, inhibitory control and the role of L2 proficiency in aging L1 Dutch speakers of near-native L2 English. Brain Sciences, v. 3, pp. 1261-1281, 2013.

KROLL, J.F.; DUSSIAS, P.E.; BICE, K.; PERROTTI, L. Bilingualism, mind, and brain. Annual Review of Linguistics, v. 1, pp. 377-394, 2015.

KUDO, M.; SWANSON, H.L. Are there advantages for additive bilinguals in working memory tasks ? Learning and Individual Differences, v. 35, pp. 96-102, 2014.

LINCK, J.A.; OSTHUS, P.; KOETH, J.T.; BUNTING, M.F. Working memory and second language comprehension and production. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2013. doi: 10.3758/s13423-013-0565-2. Available online at http://lrc.cornell.edu/events/past/2013-2014/Papers_13/Haarman1.pdf, retrieved March 1st, 2015.

LUO, L.; CRAIK, F.I.M.; MORENO, S.; BIALYSTOK, E. Bilingualism interacts with domain in a working memory task: evidence from aging. Psychology & Aging, v. 28, n. 1, pp. 28-34, 2013.

MACLEOD, C.M. Half a century of research on the Stroop Effect: an integrative review. Psychological Bulletin, v. 109, n. 2, pp.163-203, 1991, 1991.

MARTIN-RHEE, M.; BIALYSTOK, E. The development of two types of inhibitory control in monolingual and bilingual children. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, v. 11, n. 1, pp. 81-93, 2008.

MILLER, G.A. The magical number seven plus or minus two. Psychological Review, v.63, p. 81-97, 1956.

MIYAKE, A.; FRIEDMAN, N.P.; EMERSON, M.J.; WITZKI, A.H.; HOWERTER, A.; WAGER, T.D. The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contribution to complex “frontal lobe” tasks: A latent variable analysis. Cognitive Psychology, v. 41, pp. 49-100, 2000.

MIYAKE, A.; SHAH, P. Models of working memory. Cambridge University Press, 1999.

MORALES, J.; CALVO, A.; BIALYSTOK, E. Working memory development in monolingual and bilingual children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v. 114, pp. 187-202, 2013.

NAMAZI, M.; THORDARDOTTIR, E. A working memory, not bilingual advantage, in controlled attention. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, v. 13, n. 5, pp. 597-616, 2010.

NGUYEN, T. ; ASTINGTON, J. W. Reassessing the bilingual advantage in theory of mind and its cognitive underpinnings. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, v. 17, n. 2, pp. 396-409, 2014.

PRIOR, A.; MACWHINNEY, B. A bilingual advantage in task switching. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, v. 13, n. 2, pp. 253-262, 2010.

ROSEN, V.M.; ENGLE, R.W. Working memory capacity and suppression. Journal of Memory and Language, v. 39, pp. 418-436, 1998.

SABOURIN, L.; VINERTE, S. The bilingual advantage in the Stroop task: simultaneous versus early bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, v. 18, n. 2, pp. 350-355, 2015.

SALVATIERRA, J.L. ; ROSSELLI, M. The effect of bilingualism and age on inhibitory control. International Journal of Bilingualism, v. 15, pp. 26-37, 2011.

SIMON, H.A. How big is a chunk? Science, v. 183, pp. 482-488, 1974.

SOLIMAN, A.M. Bilingual advantages of working memory revisited: a latent variable examination. Learning and Individual Differences, v. 32, pp. 168-177, 2014.

AUTOR, 2003.

AUTOR, 1999-2000.

AUTOR, 1996.

TURNER, M. L.; ENGLE, R. W. Is working memory capacity task dependent? Journal of Memory and Language, v. 28, pp. 127-154, 1989.

Downloads

Publicado

25-04-2017

Como Citar

TREVISOL, J. R.; TOMITCH, L. M. B. The relationship between bilingualism and working memory: a review. Revista do GELNE, [S. l.], v. 19, n. 1, p. 39–51, 2017. DOI: 10.21680/1517-7874.2017v19n1ID11263. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufrn.br/gelne/article/view/11263. Acesso em: 16 jul. 2024.

Edição

Seção

Artigos