Medicamentos e Infodemia

análise de mídias sociais no primeiro ano da pandemia de COVID-19

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21680/2447-0198.2022v6n0ID27214

Palavras-chave:

Covid-19, Medicamentos, Pandemia, Mídia social

Resumo

O primeiro ano da pandemia da COVID-19 trouxe avanços científicos críticos a velocidades nunca vistas. As informações científicas conquistaram o mundo nas notícias e nas redes sociais. No entanto, a disseminação de fake news consolidou uma infodemia entre uma doença ainda desconhecida e nenhum tratamento comprovado cientificamente. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o conteúdo e o tipo de informação sobre medicamentos indicados para o tratamento da COVID-19 sem evidências científicas nas redes sociais brasileiras. Duas redes sociais, Instagram e Twitter, foram selecionadas para pesquisar informações sobre medicamentos relacionadas à prevenção ou tratamento da COVID-19. A pesquisa foi realizada com as hashtags: #cloroquina, #hidroxicloroquina, #ivermectina e #nitazoxanida para publicações em português em março de 2020 e 2021. Estatística descritiva foi utilizada para a apresentação dos dados quantitativos. Em 2020, a cloroquina foi o medicamento com maior número de publicações nas duas redes sociais analisadas. As publicações abordaram as evidências de uso e escassez do medicamento, sendo a grande maioria considerada informação correta. Já em 2021, a ivermectina foi predominante no Instagram, enquanto a cloroquina foi a mais publicada no Twitter. Ambos os medicamentos foram relacionados ao “tratamento precoce” e ao conteúdo político-ideológico, classificadas principalmente como desinformação. Assim, é necessário reforçar as diretrizes das mídias sociais para reduzir a disseminação da desinformação em saúde para a população. Ao mesmo tempo, a educação em saúde nas mídias digitais tem como objetivo garantir que as melhores informações sobre manejo e cuidado da COVID-19 cheguem às pessoas e promovam qualidade de vida.

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Biografia do Autor

Thais Ribeiro Pinto Bravo, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Aplicadas a Produtos para Saúde, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal Fluminense

PhD student in the Postgraduate Program in Sciences Applied to Health Products at Universidade Federal Fluminense. Master in Science Applied to Health Products from Universidade Federal Fluminense (2020). Graduated in Pharmacy from Universidade Federal Fluminense (2019)

Alberto Calil Junior, Departamento de Biblioteconomia e do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biblioteconomia - Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.

Graduated in Librarianship and Documentation from the Fluminense Federal University (1993), Master's (2004) and Doctorate (2009) in Social Sciences from the State University of Rio de Janeiro. Associate Professor I of the Department of Library Science at the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO). He is currently a member of the Graduate Program in Library Science. He teaches subjects in the Graduate Program in Library Science and in the Graduate Program in Library Science at UNIRIO. 

Thaisa Amorim Nogueira, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal Fluminense

Graduated in Pharmacy from Universidade Federal Fluminense (2007), Master in Applied Sciences to Health Products from Universidade Federal Fluminense (2012) and Ph.D. in Applied Sciences to Health Products from Universidade Federal Fluminense (2016). She is currently a professor at Faculty of Pharmacy at the Universidade Federal Fluminense. She works with drug information. 

Sabrina Calil-Elias, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal Fluminense

Doctor and Master in Biological Sciences (Pharmacology and Medicinal Chemistry) from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, graduated in Industrial Pharmacy from the Fluminense Federal University. She is currently a Professor at the Fluminense Federal University and a member of the permanent staff of the Residency courses in Hospital Pharmacy and the postgraduate programs in Administration and Management of Pharmaceutical Assistance (Masters) and Science Applied to Health Products (Masters and Doctorate), all from the Faculty of Pharmacy at UFF. She works in research in the areas of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology.

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21-02-2022

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BRAVO, T. R. P.; TEIXEIRA, R. G. da S. .; CALIL JUNIOR, A. C.; NOGUEIRA, T. A.; CALIL-ELIAS, S. Medicamentos e Infodemia: análise de mídias sociais no primeiro ano da pandemia de COVID-19. Revista Informação na Sociedade Contemporânea, [S. l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. e27214, 2022. DOI: 10.21680/2447-0198.2022v6n0ID27214. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufrn.br/informacao/article/view/27214. Acesso em: 8 dez. 2022.

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